The Launch Vehicle

The Launch Vehicle – Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV)

NEOSSat was launched into orbit 800 kilometres above the Earth by PSLV-C20. The PSLV is a launch vehicle of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). PSLV has four stages using solid and liquid propulsion systems alternately. The first stage is one of the largest solid boosters in the world and carries 139 tonnes of propellent. A cluster of six strap-ons are attached to the first-stage motor, four of which are ignited on the ground with the remaining two being air-lit.


The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle
Credit: ISRO

Standard Configuration of PSLV

  • Height – 44 metres
  • Lift-off Weight – 295 tonnes
  • Payload – 1600 kg into 620 km polar orbit or 1060 kg into geosynchronous transfer orbit

The PSLV launches from one of two pads at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) in the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SHAR) located at Sriharikota, a barrier island off the coast of the southern state of Andha Pradesh in India.